One goal I have this year is learning Spanish
It's my first week going down this rabbithole, here's my thoughts regarding learning it and what I've found to be an effective method of learning
When I used to live in Germany for quite a bit of time during University, I remember how much easier it was to learn a culture if you are immersed in it 24/7
You basically are forced to learn the language, as every subtle medium out there like signs, newspapers, shirts, etc are all German. Communicating and order food presents a challenge, since while you could point at an item and say "Ein", it's not really an elegant way of doing things
Going to a new country also means you create different associations with new words. One of my first phrases I learned in my University professor's classroom, and it was how to order a scoop of ice cream, and trying it in a public setting
I tried it at a few different parlors and I had been asked to just speak it in English. Germans can be blunt
Spanish is one of the few languages that just has so many dialects, according to all my friends. I've noticed this as well when I thumb through translation services too on tools like Netflix, etc
I don't have a compiled list, but from research online they seem to occur in different regions of the world:
- Spain Spanish
- Latin American Spanish (Mexican, Carribean, etc)
- South American Spanish (Columbian, Venenzulan, etc)
I was informed the most neutral version of Spanish from my Spanish speaking friends tends to be either Panamanian (Latin America), or Venuezulan/Columbia
Since Spanish and English both derive from a strong historical Latin background, it doesn't make sense to learn everything from scratch.
Instead, it's best to learn how they differ in core grammatical structures. These include things like nouns, verbs, preposition phrases, etc.
Most languages tend to share some level of similarity in this regard. I speak fluent Japanese and native Cantonese, and even though those are eastern languages, they tend to follow similar structures for sentences
For example, if you were to say
My name is Vincent
In Japanese, this would be
Watashi no namae wa Vincent desu
watashi no namae means
wa is the article,
Desu is the verb
In Spanish to English, Spanish is different in that adjectives are used after the noun
Instead of saying
Red Jacket, you say
There's many examples more than this in Spanish I am learning, such as masculine and feminine phrases too. German also exhibits these too, and these derive from Latin
I practice Spanish a lot with my spanish speaking girlfriend, so it helps that I have someone I can practice with daily
In the past I've used space-repetition memory learning tools like Anki, memrise, DuoLingo, etc. What I've found with those tools is while I'd learn a lot of new vocabulary, I wouldn't really draw any emphasis or connection to why I know any of those words, and ultimately would forget it long term.
If you don't use the words you learn often - you won't build enough synapse connections in your brain to learn it long term. In the book "Thinking fast and slow" - when you learn a new subject, it needs to be practiced many times "slowly" until you can immediate conjure the right word in the right context "fast"
For me at least, words provide a form of connection to how I learned it.
My friend from Jordan (middle east) told me a great story of this. In Arabic, there is not a word for "gaslight", which is essentially manipulating someone by guilt tripping them. This occurs alot in Middle Eastern culture, but nobody thinks of it otherwise. When he first learned this English term, childhood memories of being "gaslit" would arise. Anytime he'd hear the word gaslit, that's what he thought of
When it comes to learning a new language, learning "blanket" statements make the most sense. At least for me, since I tend to use them when there isn't much else to say. To some degree, we'd call this "small talk" per American lingo
So here's some of the ones I use, it's a combination of common phrases but they're specifically tailored to me and my gf
- Sorry not sorry - Lo siento, pero no lo siento -> I use this after I pull a prank on my gf
- Gracias la herencia - thank you, the management -> I use this when giving a backhanded compliment
- Estoy aprendiendo espanol contigo - I am learning spanish with you
- Mi professora y novia es grandiosa - My teacher and girlfriend is great
- Quiero darte muchos bessitos - I want to give you lots of kisses
Memorizing these few key phrases means I have an "anchor" of specific go to phrases that I can learn new words on top of.
So I could take a statement like this:
Estoy aprendiendo espanol contigo - I am learning spanish with you
Estoy aprendiendo espanol con mi novia - I am learning spanish with my girlfriend
con mi novia, which is "with you" to "with my girlfriend", this makes me understand how spanish proposition phrases work.
One method of learning when I started teaching myself how to code was how could I effectively learn without spending alot of extra time and effort throughout the day?
My conclusion ended up being learning from Podcast. I learned alot about how software development was designed, at a very high level, by listening to two senior developers talk about challenges they faced. These included things like how do you design a database diagram, how do you decide on a framework, etc
My go to podcasts were CodingBlocks from my buddy JoeZack, and SyntaxFM. I also started my own coding podcast too a few years back to reinforce concepts I knew as well too
I also went to a ton of tech meetups too. Learning through osmosis this way meant I had a lot of familiriaty of things I did and didn't know, and where I could find more information about "what I didn't know". This also became the basis of topics I choose for Tampa Devs too for tech talks
My favorite go to podcasts while in the car has been language transfer thus far, since it assumes you have mastery of English and it teaches you how Spanish differs.
Additional things I've been learning that have pretty low friction for picking up new things:
- I change the UI layouts to spanish for Google Chrome, and youtube. I already know what each button does based on it's location in the UI. I've picked up words like
views. It also reminds me that I'm in the phase of learning Spanish
- For foreign films and TV shows on Netflix, there is usually a spanish dub. I watch it on an english dub, and read spanish subtitles. I've been watching "Alice in Borderland" and have picked up a few words this way.
While most of those are pretty low effort, high value ways for me to learn, I also feel like I need to take a few high cost, high value approaches to learning
- LingoPie - watching kid's cartoon videos in Spanish with english subtitles helps me understand what a basic conversation looks like. There's also a space-repetition learning tool built in here too. These aren't shows I'd traditionally watch, but are mildly entertaining so it's not so bad
- ITalkI Tutors - I intend on paying for some 1:1 tutoring to reinforce actively what I've learned passively. I intend on having multiple tutors. When I used to learn to code, I used the equivalent called hackhands and found it immensely useful
Things that I am not 100% on how I feel about yet:
- Anki / Ankidroid - I think space-repetition learning has a place here, but needs to be chunked out over time. It has quickly depreciating value though for me imo, since I prefer drawing an emotional/memorable connection to things I learn. Learning the top 100-200 vocabulary words in Spanish would be useful this way though.
- DuoLingo - It's useful but I also find I learn at a significantly slower pace than other tools. Too many animations, button clicks, etc.I also don't care to gamify my learning either this way
Additional learning methods and communities:
- Meetups - Since I live in Florida, there is bound to meetup groups with local Spanish speakers. I could learn from other beginners too
- Online communities - Reddit, discord, ItalkI Tutors, DuoLingo communities, etc would be a good way to practice written communication and join "Speed Dating/Conversation" zooms.
This has been my general experience learning Spanish and what I think is an effective way of learning, based on my past experiences and what I find an effective way of learning.
I'm sure I'll feel differently about this a few months from now. I found out about most of these tools digging through reddit